HOW TO WRITE REPORTS
Please follow these guidelines when you
write your reports.
1. Project Outline
- Title Page: Must
- Your name.
Summary. ( very short and to the point).
The executive summary contains a brief account of your conclusion. Write
the results not the description of the problem. Say: I found that the IBM
price stock was at a higher level in October than in November, in October
the mean price was ......
- Introduction: If
any, must be very short. Describe your project and give the
background information. Try to be brief but at the same time do not leave
out the relevant information. Here you include the basic descriptive
statistics, graphs and summaries of the data. Please if you have several
graphs or large tables put them in an appendix and refer to them on the
- Results: State your
points or hypotheses and prove them or disprove them. Go point by
point showing performing the corresponding hypothesis tests and
interpreting the results. If you use a computer software that
generates a sizable output file, put the output file as an appendix and
refer to the output here for performing your hypothesis tests.
- Conclusion: Like
the executive summary but longer.
- References: List of
books or articles that are cited on the text. If you do not cite any then
omit it ( you are not required to have it).
- Appendix with
computer output, computer generated or hand made graphs. Try
to underline and number the places in the output that are quoted in the
above text, and use those numbers to refer to that piece of output in the
Structure: When you write a paragraph try to be organized. A way to
do this is to start by saying the thesis, then follow with a list of
arguments that prove it, quoting the output, performing hypothesis tests,
etc. Finally reinforce the result.
- Say the
- Prove it.
- Say it
- Another way to
construct paragraphs is by using concatenation: from A prove B , from B
prove C, and so on.
- The reports that
you will write in this class will be no more than 3 or 4 pages of text
plus a few more of output. The output should be organized in tables + charts,
but never append a thick SAS printout.
However a reasonable report should be as brief as