"The Horse and the Maiden" (Aeschines 1.182 etc.): An Urban Legend in Ancient Athens

Appendix B

Ruth Palmer



E-mail communication to Lowell Edmunds from Ruth Palmer 2 Nov 97: Tholos Tomb A of the cemetery site Phourni near Archanes was excavated by Ioannis and Evi Sakellarakis in 1965. It had an undisturbed burial in a side chamber and some disturbed remains in the main chamber. The burial dates to LM IIIA (same period as the burials with bronzes at Knossos, so between 1400 and 1375 BC). The excavators found the remains of a butchered horse piled along the wall in the main tholos chamber next to the walled-up entrance to the side chamber. While they dismantled the stones walling the entrance, they found the remains of a bull sacrifice (apparently in the walling). The side chamber held an inhumation in a large clay larnax, numerous bronze vessels (probably a wine serving set), a footstool inlaid with ivory, and jewelery and cosmetic items. The lack of weapons and the presence of jewelery led the excavators to assume that the poorly preserved skeletal remains were female. Reference: J. and E. Sakellarakis, Archanes, Ekdotike Athenon, 1991, pp. 76-85. The finds were first reported in Archaiologikon Deltion 20 (1965) 110-118, and J. and A. Sakellarakis, "Archanes 1965, Report on the Excavations", Kadmos 4 (1965) 177-180. The excavators also wrote an article in German that looks interesting: "Das Kuppelgrab A von Archanes und des Kretisch-Mykenische Tieropferritual", Diss. Heidelberg PZ 45 (1971) 135-218. This article might also discuss the Marathon horses.