Parents Vs. Peers: Do Parents Matter?
No -- Judith Rich Harris (1995): Group Socialization (GS) Theory of Development
1. Family environment does not affect developmentB. Parents DO matter: Counter-Arguments
2. Socialization is context-specific form of learning
3. Behavior in groups is different from behavior between dyads; Peer groups socialize children in urbanized societies
4. Absence of peers:
5. Styles of parenting (Baumrind) :
6. Effects of divorce due to:
"... experiences in childhood and adolescent peer groups, not experiences at home, account for environmental influences on personality development."
1. Patterson et al.:C. What we can learn from Harris
2. Parents control access to peer groups.
3. Is there evidence that peer groups do not embrace larger values of society (including parents)?
4. Harris’ research review is selective:
5. Effects may be bi-directional, but parents still have an effect.
6. Intervention research indicates that changes in parents’ behavior affects child outcomes
1.Many important effects are bi-directional and mediated
- Not a simple:
- Parents and children:
- Effects of parents and peers are:
Theme 1: Nature and Nurture: All Interactions, All the Time
Theme 2: Children Play Active Roles in Their Own Development
Theme 3: Development Is Both Continuous and Discontinuous
Theme 4: Mechanisms of Developmental Change
Theme 5: The Sociocultural Context Shapes Development
Theme 6: How Do Children Become So Different from One Another?
Theme 7: Child Development Research Can Improve Children’s Lives