Design and Cognition






Sept 2 - 6 , 2002

Balzano, Italy





Most of the world that we know is designed. Furthermore, almost everyone in the Western world has become a designer at their personal computer (e.g., publishing their own web-pages). Design has become everyone's domain, and the 21st century communicates via design. This has made it extremely important to understand the relation between design and cognition. This school brings together four speakers who are internationally known for their work in the areas of design and cognition.



(1) John Gero.
John Gero is Professor of Design Science and Co-Director of the Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition, Department of Architectural and Design Science, at the University of Sydney. He is the author or editor of 30 books and over 400 papers in the fields of design science, artificial intelligence, optimization and computer-aided design. He has been a Visiting Professor of Architecture, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, or Computer Science at UC-Berkeley, UCLA, Columbia and CMU in the USA, at Strathclyde and Loughborough in the UK, at INSA-Lyon in France and at EPFL-Lausanne in Switzerland. His former doctoral students are professors in the USA, UK, Australia, Singapore and Korea. He has been the recipient of many excellence awards including the Harkness, two Fulbrights, two SRC Fellowships and various named chairs. He is on the editorial boards of numerous journals related to computer-aided design, artificial intelligence and knowledge engineering and is the chair of the international conference series Artificial Intelligence in Design.


(2) Michael Leyton.
Michael Leyton is on the faculty in the Center for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science at Rutgers. His mathematical work on shape has been used in over 20 disciplines from chemical engineering to radiology. His scientific contributions have received several prizes, such as a presidential award, and a medal for scientific acheivement. His paintings, sculptures, and architectural projects, have been featured in international design journals and invited exhibitions. The scores of his string quartets are currently being published. Leyton's books "Symmetry, Causality, Mind" (MIT Press) and "A Generative Theory of Shape" (Springer-Verlag) elaborate a new theory of geometry which argues that geometry is the means of recording history; i.e., that geometry is equivalent to memory storage. Related to this, he argues that art works are maximal memory stores. This is supported with lengthy studies of art-works as well as the design process itself. Leyton is president of the International Society for Mathematical and Computational Aesthetics.


(3) Michael J. Pratt.
Michael Pratt has been Professor of Computer Aided Engineering and Head of the Department of Applied Computing and Mathematics at Cranfield University in the UK. He has held a senior research positions at the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. His research interests include all aspects of product modelling in mechanical engineering, and especially the use of geometry in the integration of computer aided design (CAD). He is actively involved in the development of the international standard ISO 10303 (STEP) for the exchange of product data; in this context he leads the ISO TC184/SC4 Parametrics Group. Pratt has an MA in physics from Oxford University, an MSc in aeronautical science and a PhD in mechanical engineering from Cranfield. He has published numerous papers and book contributions on CAD and related topics, and is on the editorial boards of the journals Computer Aided Geometric Design, Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and International Journal of Shape Modelling.


(4) Gerhard Schmitt.
Gerhard Schmitt is Professor of Architecture and Computer Aided Architectural Design (CAAD) at the Department of Architecture of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zürich. His research focuses on the development of intelligent design support systems and the architectural design of the information territory. Since April, 1998, he is Vice President for Planning and Logistics of ETH Zürich. His most recent books are Architektur mit dem Computer (Vieweg, 1996), a publication on physical, virtual and information architecture, Architectura et Machina (Vieweg, 1993) and Information Architecture (Testo & Immagine) describing the rapidly growing relations between architecture and the machine. In 1996, he completed a two-year term as Dean of the Faculty of Architecture at ETH Zurich. From 1984-88 he was on the Faculty of Architecture at Carnegie Mellon University. He holds a Dr.-Ing. degree from the Technical University of Munich and a Master of Architecture degree from the University of California at Berkeley.