Design and Cognition
Sept 2 - 6 , 2002
Most of the world that we know is designed. Furthermore, almost
everyone in the Western world has become a designer at their
personal computer (e.g., publishing their own web-pages). Design
has become everyone's domain, and the 21st century communicates
via design. This has made it extremely important to understand
the relation between design and cognition. This school brings
together four speakers who are internationally known for their
work in the areas of design and cognition.
(1) John Gero.
John Gero is Professor of Design Science and Co-Director of the
Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition, Department of Architectural
and Design Science, at the University of Sydney. He is the author
or editor of 30 books and over 400 papers in the fields of design
science, artificial intelligence, optimization and computer-aided
design. He has been a Visiting Professor of Architecture, Civil
Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, or Computer Science at UC-Berkeley,
UCLA, Columbia and CMU in the USA, at Strathclyde and Loughborough
in the UK, at INSA-Lyon in France and at EPFL-Lausanne in Switzerland.
His former doctoral students are professors in the USA, UK, Australia,
Singapore and Korea. He has been the recipient of many excellence
awards including the Harkness, two Fulbrights, two SRC Fellowships
and various named chairs. He is on the editorial boards of numerous
journals related to computer-aided design, artificial intelligence
and knowledge engineering and is the chair of the international
conference series Artificial Intelligence in Design.
(2) Michael Leyton.
Michael Leyton is on the faculty in the Center for Discrete Mathematics
and Theoretical Computer Science at Rutgers. His mathematical
work on shape has been used in over 20 disciplines from chemical
engineering to radiology. His scientific contributions have received
several prizes, such as a presidential award, and a medal for
scientific acheivement. His paintings, sculptures, and architectural
projects, have been featured in international design journals
and invited exhibitions. The scores of his string quartets are
currently being published. Leyton's books "Symmetry, Causality,
Mind" (MIT Press) and "A Generative Theory of Shape"
(Springer-Verlag) elaborate a new theory of geometry which argues
that geometry is the means of recording history; i.e., that geometry
is equivalent to memory storage. Related to this, he argues that
art works are maximal memory stores. This is supported with lengthy
studies of art-works as well as the design process itself. Leyton
is president of the International Society for Mathematical and
(3) Michael J. Pratt.
Michael Pratt has been Professor of Computer Aided Engineering
and Head of the Department of Applied Computing and Mathematics
at Cranfield University in the UK. He has held a senior research
positions at the US National Institute of Standards and Technology
(NIST) and at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. His research
interests include all aspects of product modelling in mechanical
engineering, and especially the use of geometry in the integration
of computer aided design (CAD). He is actively involved in the
development of the international standard ISO 10303 (STEP) for
the exchange of product data; in this context he leads the ISO
TC184/SC4 Parametrics Group. Pratt has an MA in physics from
Oxford University, an MSc in aeronautical science and a PhD in
mechanical engineering from Cranfield. He has published numerous
papers and book contributions on CAD and related topics, and
is on the editorial boards of the journals Computer Aided Geometric
Design, Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and
International Journal of Shape Modelling.
(4) Gerhard Schmitt.
Gerhard Schmitt is Professor of Architecture and Computer Aided
Architectural Design (CAAD) at the Department of Architecture
of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zürich.
His research focuses on the development of intelligent design
support systems and the architectural design of the information
territory. Since April, 1998, he is Vice President for Planning
and Logistics of ETH Zürich. His most recent books are Architektur
mit dem Computer (Vieweg, 1996), a publication on physical, virtual
and information architecture, Architectura et Machina (Vieweg,
1993) and Information Architecture (Testo & Immagine) describing
the rapidly growing relations between architecture and the machine.
In 1996, he completed a two-year term as Dean of the Faculty
of Architecture at ETH Zurich. From 1984-88 he was on the Faculty
of Architecture at Carnegie Mellon University. He holds a Dr.-Ing.
degree from the Technical University of Munich and a Master of
Architecture degree from the University of California at Berkeley.