New Discoveries - How Mitochondria Work

Paul Boyer wrote a good review article about the "rotational dynamics" of the Fo/F1 complex in Annual Reviews of Biochemistry.

Dr. Anthony R. Crofts of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has placed notes for his course, Biophysics 354, Biological Energy Conversion on the web. There is a lot of up to the minute information in the notes. ATP Synthase or "Racker's Knobs" are discussed in Lecture 10, which has really nice illustrations. The b-c1 Complex pages also have interesting new information about the motion of the Rieske FeS Protein.

"InSCIght" - a publication from Science Citation Index - published an article about ATP Synthase in 1997.

The Research Services Branch of the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has a page about ATP Synthase with a nice animated GIF. (see below!) The gamma subunit is represented by a black wedge rotating in the center, and the alpha and beta subunits are shown cycling through "open, loose, tight" and making ATP.

Page written 24 March 1998 by Frank Deis