Ecology and Social
Three Matrilineal Generations of Chacma Baboon
(© Ryne A. Palombit)
Ryne A. Palombit
Prerequisites: Permission of instructor (substantial background in behavioral ecology and/or primate behavioral biology)
Kappeler, P.M., & M.E. Pereira, editors. 2003. Primate Life Histories and Socioecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
C.M. Berman, editors. 2004. Kinship and Behavior in Primates.
University Press, Oxford
Strunk Jr, W., & E.B. White. 1979. The Elements of Style, 3rd ed. Macmillan, New York.
Participation in Seminar Discussions (25%) (includes moderating, discussion, summarizing)
Positions Papers (each worth 10%, totalling 20%)
Oral Presentation (15%)
Goal of Seminar:
Our goal is to
some conclusions about the current state of studies of two central
in primatology and evolutionary anthropology:
is Thicker than Water: Kinship
disproportinately emphasize the most recent literature, particularly
the above textbooks; previous work will be covered in the course of
One or twice during the semester you’ll moderate discussion. This means leading the discussion by offering your critical evaluations of the readings. This does not mean simply rephrasing the content of the papers. Rather, take a position on the work and present it. Foster debate by presenting opposing views on a subject. If you like, you can take time at the beginning of class to present material (a brief “lecture”) or you can present it during the course of the discussion.
One of your responsibilities as moderator is to do a (computer) search of the literature on the topic you’re moderating and make recommendations regarding papers we should read in class. The question basically is: are there other papers of enough importance to recommend we drop the currently assigned reading (see below) and replace it? Your recommendations don’t have to be necessarily based on in-depth analysis of each paper. Rather, you should be able to make a preliminary evaluation based on a quick examination of it.
So, two weeks before your moderating date, you should hand in to me (or email to me) a list of several papers (no more than 5) you’ve run across that you think are relevant for the discussion. Then, for each one, explain in a few sentences why you recommend it or don’t recommend it for as a reading for the seminar.
Another responsibility is to present the results of (at least) one other relevant, empirical study (not theoretical or review paper) that was not assigned as a reading. You can pick from the readings you submitted above, if you like.
A couple of times during the semester you will write a position
These are brief and cogent articulations of your position on a debate.
This paper is somewhat similar to the “Open Peer Commentary”
journals such as The Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Position
will be photocopied and distributed to everyone for discussion in the
meeting. You are not graded on the position you take. What is
for full credit is a serious effort to state a convincing position.
position paper should not exceed 1500 words (that’s about 2 pages,
spaced). Remember: take a position and convince the reader of it.
The first position paper will focus on brains and life history. One issue is the question raised in Dunbar's chapter: Is the evolution of life history variables "driven directly by ecological considerations…or it is driven indirectly via socio-demographic variables?" This position paper also provides an opportunity to review the Kappeler & Pereira volume and conceptual and methodological issues (e.g., researcher's use of data, how the same data sets can generate ostensibly opposing conclusions, the advantages and disadvantages of the correlational analyses we've read so far, etc., etc., etc.).
The second position paper will be on a kinship topic to be announced.
EMAIL: Please email your position paper (as a Microsoft Word document) to me at email@example.com by 5pm on the due date. Please do not email participants in the course directly. That evening, I will email all position papers to everyone.
Schedule of Meetings
2005 Reading List
||Hawkes, K., O'Connell,
J.F., & Blurton Jones, N.G.. 2003. Human life
histories: Primate trade-offs, grandmothering, socioecology, and the
fossil record. In: Primate Life Histories and Socioecology.
Rodseth, L., & Wrangham, R.W.. 2004. Human kinship: A continuation of politics by other means? In: Kinship and Behavior in Primates.
Hawkes, K. 2004. Mating, parenting, and the evolution of human pair bonds. In: Kinship and Behavior in Primates.
||Kappeler, P.M., Periera,
M.E., & van Schaik, C.P.. 2003. Primate life histories
and socioecology. In: Primate Life Histories and Socioecology.
Stearns, S.C., Pereira, M.E. & Kappeler, P.M. 2003. Primate life histories and future research. In: Primate Life Histories and Socioecology.
Charnov, E.L. 1991. Evolution of life history variation among female mammals. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 88:1134-1137.
Silk, J.B. 2002. Kin selection in primates. Int. J. Primatol., 23:849-875.
||Lee, P.C., & P.M.
Kappeler. 2003. Socioecological correlates of phenotypic
plasticity of primate life histories. In: Primate Life Histories
Jolly, C.J. & Phillips-Conroy J.. 2003. Testicular size, mating system, and maturation schedules in wild anubis and hamadryas baboons. Int. J. Primatol., 24:125-140.
Johnson, S. & Bock, J.. 2004. Trade-offs in skill acquisition and time allocation among juvenile chacma baboons. Human Nature 15:45-62.
Russon, A.E. 2002. Comparative developmental perspectives on culture: The great apes. In: Between Culture and Biology: Perspectives on Ontoenetic Development (Ed. by H. Keller, Y.H. Poortinga & A. Schölmerich), pp. 30-56. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
& Life History
||Altmann, S.A. 1991.
Diets of yearling female primates predict lifetime fitness. Proc.
Nat. Acad. Sci., 88: 420-423.
Janson, C.H. 2003. Puzzles, predation, and primates: Using life history to understand selection pressures. In: Primate Life Histories and Socioecology.
Ganzhorn, J.U., Klaus, S., Ortmann, S., & Schmid, J.. 2003. Adaptations to seasonality: Some primate and nonprimate examples. In: Primate Life Histories and Socioecology.
Kappeler, P.M. & Hermann, E.W. 1996. Nonconvergence in the evolution of primate life history and socioecology. Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 59: 297-326.
& Life History
R.O., Barton, R.A., & van Schaik, C.P. 2003. Primate
brains and life histories: Renewing the connection. In: Primate
Life Histories and Socioecology.
Ross, C. 2003. Life history, infant care strategies, and brain size in primates. In: Primate Life Histories and Socioecology.
Dunbar, R.I.M. 2003. Why are apes so smart? In: Primate Life Histories and Socioecology.
Leigh, S.R. 2004. Brain growth, life history, and cognition in primate and human evolution. Amer. J. Primatol., 62:139-162.
Rendall, D. 2004. “Recognizing” kin: Mechanisms, media, minds, modules and muddles. In: Kinship and Behavior in Primates.Position Paper 1 due
Cheney, D.L., & Seyfarth, R.M. 2004. The recognition of other individuals’ kinship relationships. In: Kinship and Behavior in Primates.
McComb, K., Moss, C., Sayialel, S., & Baker, L.. 2000. Unusually extensive networks of vocal recognition among African elephants. Anim. Behav., 59:1103-1109.
Payne, K. 2003. Sources of social complexity in the three elephant species. In: Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies (Ed. by F.B.M. de Waal & P.L. Tyack), pp. 57-85. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
(& more on matrilineal complexities)
Discussion of Position Papers: Preliminary Conclusions about Life History Studies
|Strier, K.B. 2004.
Patrilineal kinship and primate behavior. In: Kinship and
Behavior in Primates.
Smith, K., Alberts, S.C., & Altmann, J.. 2003. Wild female baboons bias their social behaviour towards paternal half-sisters. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B., 270:503-510.
Bergman, T.J., Beehner, J.C., Cheney, D.L., & Seyfarth, R.M.. 2003. Hierarchical classification by rank and kinship in baboons. Science, 302:1234-1236.
Gerkey, D. Life history theory and primate cognition.
Morino, L. Groups, brains, and meta-analyses.
Peterson, L. Does life history theory adequately explain brain evolution in primates?
van Rooy, A. Size really does matter. Or: Sex on the brain.
Soler-Cruz, M. A monkey in the hand is worth two (or more) in the bush.
||McDade, T.W. 2003.
Life history theory and the immune system: Steps toward a human
ecological immunology. Yearbk. Phys. Anthro., 46: 100-125.
Nunn, C.L. 2002. A comparative study of leukocyte counts and disease risk in primates. Evolution, 56: 177-190.
Sauther, M.L., Sussman, R.W. & Cuozzo, F. 2002. Dental and general health in a population of wild ring-tailed lemurs: A life history approach. Am. J. Phys. Anthrop., 117: 122-132.
Sugiyama, L.S. 2004. Illness, injury, and disability among Shiwiar forager-horticulturalitsts: Implications of health-risk buffering for the evolution of human life history. Am. J. Phys. Anthrop., 123: 371-389.
Angela: Is group size the only social variable significantly correlated with brain size in primates?
Luca: Infanticide and life history analysis.
Reader, S.M., & Laland, K.N.. 2002. Social intelligence, innovation, and enhanced brain size in primates. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 99:4436-4441.
Byrne, R.W., & Corp, N. 2004. Neocortex size predicts deception rate in primates. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B., 271:1693-1699.
van Schaik, C.P. 2000. Social counterstrategies against infanticide by males in primates and other mammals. In: Primate Males: Causes and Consequences of Variation in Group Composition (Ed. by P.M. Kappeler), pp. 34-52. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
van Schaik, C.P. & Kappeler, P.M.. 2003. The evolution of social monogamy in primates. In: Monogamy (Ed. by U.H. Reichard & C. Boesch), pp. 59-80. Cambidge University Press, Cambridge.
Drew: Are kin categories natural categories?Sarah: Dispersal & life history in gorillas
Fox, R. 1979. Kinship categories as natural categories. In: Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective (Ed. by N. Chagnon & W. Irons), pp. 132-144. Duxbury, North Scituate, Massachusetts.
Hughes, A. L. 1988. Evolution and Human Kinship. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Excerpt: Chapters 5 and 6 (pp. 72-115).
Watts, D.P. 2000. Causes and consequences of variation in male mountain gorilla life histories and group membership. In: Primate Males: Causes and Consequences of Variation in Group Composition (Ed. by P.M. Kappeler), pp.169-179. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Yamagiwa, J. & Kahekwa, J. 2001. Dispersal patterns, group structure, and reproductive parameters of eastern lowland gorillas at Kahuzi in the absence of infanticide. In: Mountain Gorillas: Three Decades of Research at Karisoke (Ed. by M.M. Robbins, P. Sicotte, and K.J. Stewart), pp. 89-122. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Student Presentations:Montserrat: Relationship between kinship and life history variables in humans: Current research and future directions
Liz: Conditions and fitness effects of allomaternal care by kin
Burton, L.M. 1990. Teenage childbearing as an alternative life course strategy in multigenerational black families. Human Nature, 1: 123-143.
Quinlan, R. 2001. Effects of household structure on female reproductive strategies in a Caribbean village. Human Nature, 12: 169-189.
Hatchwell, B.J., & Komdeur, J. 2000. Ecological constraints, life history traits and the evolution of cooperative breeding. Anim. Behav., 59:1079-1086.
Sánchez, S., Peláez, F., Gil-Bürmann, C., & Kaumanns, W. 1999. Costs of infant-carrying in the cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus). Am. J. Primatol., 48:99-111.
Paul, A., Kuester, J., & Arnemann, J. 1996. The sociobiology of male-infant interactions in Barbary macaques, Macaca sylvanus. Anim. Behav., 51:155-170.
|Kinship in Human
Special Guest: Robin Fox
Fox, R. 1975. Primate kin and human kinship. In: Biosocial Anthropology (Ed. by R. Fox), pp. 9-35. Malaby Press, London.
Fox, R. 1980. The Red Lamp of Incest. Dutton, New York. Excerpts: Chapters 4 (The Monkey Puzzle), 5 (Sex in the Head), 6 (Alliance and Constraint), and 7 (The Matter of Mind).
Fox, R. 1989. The Search for Society: Quest for a Biosocial Science and Morality. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Excerpt: The Passionate Mind: Brain, dreams, memory, evolution and social categories.
Fox, R. 1993. Reproduction and Succession: Studies in Anthropology, Law, and Society, Transactions Publishers, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Excerpt: Sisters’ son and monkeys’ uncles: Six theories in search of an avunculate.
Rodseth, L., R.W. Wrangham, A.M. Harrigan, & B.B. Smuts. 1991. The human community as a primate society. Cur. Anthro., 32:221-254.
Position Paper 2 due
||Fox Readings Above
Gerkey, D. The primatology of kinship: Patterns of behavior and culture
Peterson, L. Position Paper.
Morino, L. Monkey families and human families (and what Robin Fox thinks of that)
van Rooy, A. Human kinship in comparative perspective.
Schaefer, S. Western lowland gorillas: Narrowing the gap between human and nonhuman primate kinship systems.
Soler-Cruz, M. Are we missing the forest for the trees?
|Biology of Social Bonds||Sex Differences & Sexual Selection in Primates||Methods in Field Primatology|