Top: Eruptive fissure from Krafla eruption.  Basaltic lava pours out of giant crack (fissure) during this eruption on September 8, 1977. Note the large amount of volcanic gas emitted from this relatively quiet type of eruption. Photo by Sigurdur Thorarinsson. Below: Krafla fissure eruptions.  The lava is coming out of several fissures. This type of eruption also produced the basalt flows in the Newark, Fundy, and Argana basins. Photo from Nordic Volcanological Institute website.
Additional photos of the Krafla area today>>