Deformed Oolite

Thin section (transmitted light) of deformed oolitic limestone, Swiss Alps. The approximate principal extension (red) and principal shortening directions (yellow) are indicated. The ooids are not perfectly elliptical because the original ooids were not perfectly spherical and because compositional differences led to heterogeneous strain. The elongated ooids define a crude foliation subperpendicular to the principal shortening direction. Photo credit: John Ramsay.