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pdf Shors T.J. Saving new brain cells. Scientific American, March Issue 2009.

pdf Dalla C., Papachristos E., Whetstone A.S., Shors T.J. Females learn trace memories better than males, thereby preserving more neurons in their hippocampus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Early edition, February, 2009.

Click here for PDF Bangasser D.A. Shors T.J. The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) modulates learning after stress in masculinized but not cycling females Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 5290-5294, 2008.

Click here for PDF Waddell J., Bangasser D.A., Shors T.J. The basolateral nucleus of the amygdala is necessary to induce the opposing effects of stressful experience on learning in males and females. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 5290-5294, 2008.

Click here for PDF Waddell J., Shors T.J. Neurogenesis, learning and associative strength, European Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 5290-5294, 2008.

Click here for PDF Shors T.J. From stem cells to grandmother cells: How neurogenesis relates to processes of learning and memory. Cell Stem Cell, 3, 253-258, 2008.

Click here for PDF Bangasser D.A., Shors T.J. The hippocampus is necessary for enhancements and decrements in learning after a stressful experience.  Nature Neuroscience, 10, 1401-1403, 2007.

Click here for PDF Dalla C., Bangasser D., Edgecomb C., Shors T.J.  Neurogenesis and learning: acquisition and asymptotic performance predict how many new neurons survive after training.  Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 88, 143-148, 2007.

Click here for PDF Sisti H., Glass, A., Shors T.J.  Neurogenesis and the spacing effect:  Trials distributed over time enhance memory and predict cell survival. Learning and Memory, 14(5):368-75, 2007. 

Click here for PDF Shors T.J., Mathew J., Edgecomb C., Sisti H., Beckoff S., Dalla C.  Neurogenesis is mediated by learned helplessness in males but not females.  Biological Psychiatry, 62(5):487-95, 2007.

Click here for PDF Shors T.J. Significant life events and the shape of memories to come: a hypothesis. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 85 (2006) 103–115, 2005.

Click here for PDF Bangasser D.A., Waxler D.E., Santollo J., Shors T.J. Trace conditioning and the hippocampus : the importance of contiguity. Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 8702-8706.

Click here for PDF Hodes G., Shors, T.J. Learning during middle age: a resistance to stress? Neurobiology of Aging, In press, 2006.

Shors T.J., Mathew J., Edgecomb C., Sisti H., Beckoff S., Dalla C.
Learned helplessness modulates neurogenesis in males but not females.
Biological Psychiatry, In press 2006.

Click here for PDF Leuner B., Waddell J., Gould E., Shors T.J. Temporal discontiguity is neither necessary nor sufficient for learning effects on neurogenesis.
Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 13437-13442, 2006.

Click here for PDF Leuner B., Shors T. J. Learning during motherhood: a resistance to stress.
Hormones and Behavior, 50, 38-51, 2006

Donahue, D.P., Kosik, K.S., Shors, T.J. Growth hormone is produced within the hippocampus where it responds to age, sex, and stress, PNAS 103(15):6031-6036, 2006.

Leuner B., Gould E., Shors T.J. Is there a link between neurogenesis and learning? Hippocampus, 16:216–224, 2006.

Bangasser D.A. and Shors T.J. The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis is necessary for the persistent enhancement of learning after stress. Behavioral Neuroscience, 119(6):1459–1466, 2005.

Leuner B., and Shors T. J. Motherhood and memory: a resistance to stress. Hormones and Behavior, In press, 2005.

Shors T.J. Stressful experience and learning across the lifespan. Annual Review of Psychology, 57:55–85, 2006.

Shors T.J. Estrogen and learning: strategy over parsimony. Learning and Memory, 12, 84-85, 2005.

Hodes, G.E., Shors T.J. Distinctive stress effects on learning during puberty. Hormones and Behavior, 48 (2005) 163 – 171, 2005.

Foy M.R., Kim J.J., Shors T.J., Thompson R.F. Neurobiological foundations of stress. In Nutrients, Stress and Medical Disorders (ed. Yehuda and Mostofsky), Humana Press, 2005.

Leuner B., Mendolia S., Kozorovitskiy Y., Samburg D., Gould E., Shors T.J. Learning Enhances the Survival of New Neurons beyond the Time when the Hippocampus Is Required for Memory. The Journal of Neuroscience, 24(34):7477–7481, 2004.

Leuner B., Mendolia S., Shors T.J. Males and females respond differently to controllability and antidepressant treatment. Biological Psychiatry, 56, 964-970, 2004.

Shors T.J. Memory traces of trace memories: neurogenesis,
synaptogenesis and awareness. Trends in Neuroscience, 27, 250-256, 2004.

Shors T.J. Learning during stressful times. Learning and Memory, 11,
137-144, 2004.

Shors T.J., Falduto J., Leuner B. Opposite effects of stress and sex differences in dendritic spines are dependent on NMDA receptor activation. European Journal of Neuroscience, 19, 145-150, 2004.

Leuner B., Mendolia S., Shors T.J. High levels of estrogen enhance
associative learning in the female rat. Psychoneuroendocrinology, In
press, 2004.

Leuner B., Shors T.J. New spines, new memories. Molecular Neurobiology,
In press, 2004.

Bangasser D. and Shors T.J. Stressful experience impairs the trace
conditioning the females without altering the unconditioned response.
Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, In press, 2004.

Shors T.J. Can new neurons replace memories lost? Science of Aging
Knowledge Environment, 2003, 49, 35-38, 2003.

Alder J., Thakker-Varia S., Bangasser D.A., Kuroiwa M., Plummer M.R.,
Shors T.J., Black I.B. BDNF-induced gene expression reveals novel
actions of VGF in hippocampal synaptic plasticity. Journal of
Neuroscience, 23, 10800-10808, 2003.

Leuner B., Mendolia S., Shors T.J. Serotonergic antidepressants protect females from the adverse effects of acute stressful experience on learning. Submitted, 2003.

Beylin A., Shors T.J. Glucocorticoids are necessary for enhancing memory formation after acute stressful experience. Hormones and Behavior, 43, 124-131, 2003.

Shors T.J., Leuner B. Estrogen-mediated effects on affect and memory formation. Journal of Affective Disorders, 74, 85-96, 2003.

 Leuner B., Falduto J., Shors, T.J. Associative memory formation increases the observation of dendritic spines in the hippocampus. Journal of Neuroscience, 23, 659-665, 2003.

Shors T.J. Stress and memory. In Learning and Memory (Ed. JH Byrne) Macmillan, New York, p. 641-3, 2003.

 Shors T.J., Townsend D.A., Zhao M., Kozorovitskiy Y., Gould E. Neurogenesis may relate to some by not all types of hippocampal-dependent learning. Hippocampus, 12, 578-584, 2002.

 Shors T.J., Miesegeas G. Testosterone in utero and at birth dictates how stressful experience will affect learning in adulthood. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99, 21, 13955-13960, 2002.

Donahue C., Jensen R., Ochiishi T., Eisenstein I., Zhao M., Shors T., Kosik KS. Transcriptional profiling reveals genes that are expressed in the hippocampus during memory formation. Hippocampus, 12, 821-833, 2002.

 Shors T.J. Opposite effects of stressful experience on memory in males versus females. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 4, 139-148, 2002.

 Shors T.J., Chua C., Falduto, J. Sex differences and opposing effects of stress on the density of dendritic spines in the male versus female hippocampus. Journal of Neuroscience, 21, 6292-6297, 2001.

 Shors T.J., Miesegeas G., Beylin A., Zhao M., Riedel T., Gould E. Neurogenesis in the adult is involved in the formation of trace memories. Nature, 410, 372-376, 2001.

 Beylin A., Gandhi C., Talk A., Zhao M., Matzel L.D., Shors T.J. The role of the hippocampus in trace conditioning: temporal incongruity or task difficulty? Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 76, 447-461, 2001.

Wood G.E., Beylin A., and Shors T.J. The contribution of adrenal and reproductive hormones to the opposing effects of stress on trace conditioning in males versus females. Behavioral Neuroscience, 115, 175-187, 2001.

Shors T.J. Inescapable stress rapidly induces and persistently enhances memory formation in the male rat. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 75, 10-29, 2001.

Matzel L.D., Shors T.J. Long-term potentiation and associative learning: Can the mechanism subserve the process? In Neuronal Mechanisms of Memory Formation (Ed. C. Holscher), Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Shors T.J. The modulation of memory formation by stressful experience and sex differences in the brain. In Model Systems and the Neurobiology of Associative Learning (Eds. Steinmetz, Gluck and Solomon), Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001.

Shors T.J., Horvath B. The neural basis of stress. In the International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences (Eds. Smelser and Baltes), Pergamon, 2000.

Shors T.J., Beylin A., Gould E. The modulation of Pavlovian memory. Behavioral Brain Research, 110, 39-52, 2000.

Shors T.J., Matzel L.D. The status of LTP as mechanism of memory formation in the mammalian brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 23, 283-298, 2000.

Burrows R.C., Levitt P. and Shors T.J. Reduced late-onset TGFa in the hypomorphic mouse, Waved-1 is associated with reduced amygdaloid vasculature and amygdaloid-dependent fear conditioning. Neuroscience, 96, 825-836, 2000.

Shors T.J. Acute stress and reexposure to the stressful context suppress unit activity in the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala via NMDA receptor activation. Neuroreport, 10, 2811-2815, 1999.

Shors T.J., Pickett J., Paczynski M., Wood G.E. Acute stress persistently enhances estrogen in the female rat. Stress, 3, 163-171, 1999.

Shors T.J. Long-Term Potentiation. Entry in MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences. (Wilson and Keil, Eds.) MIT Press, In press, 2000.

Gould E., Tanapat T., Hastings N.B. and Shors T.J. Neurogenesis in adulthood: a possible role in learning. Trends in Cognitive Neurosciences, 3: 186-192, 1999.

Gould E., Beylin A., Tanapat P., Reeves A., and Shors T.J. Learning enhances adult neurogenesis in the hippocampal region. Nature Neuroscience, 2, 260-265, 1999.

Beylin A. and Shors T.J. Stress facilitates excitatory trace eyeblink conditioning and opposes acquisition of inhibitory conditioning. Behavioral Neuroscience, 112, 1327-1338 1998.

Shors T.J., Mathew P.R. NMDA receptor antagonism in the basolateral, but not central nucleus, of the amygdala prevents the induction of facilitated learning in response to stress. Cold Spring Harbor Journal of Learning and Memory, 5, 220-230, 1998.

Wood G.E. and Shors T.J. Stress enhances associative learning in males, but impairs associative learning in females through activational effects of ovarian hormones. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 95, 4066-4071, 1998.

Shors T.J., Lewczyk C. Mathew, P., Paczynski, M. and Pickett J. Stages of estrous mediate the stress-induced impairment of classical conditioning in females. Neuroreport 9, 419-423, 1998.

Shors T.J. Sex and stress effects on learning and memory: For better or for worse. The Neuroscientist 4, 353-364, 1998.

Shors T.J. and Matzel L.D. Long-term potentiation (LTP): what's learning got to do with it? Behavioral and Brain Sciences (target article and commentaries), 20 (4), 597-655, 1997.


Last updated: September 2009
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