Anatomy & Physiology, Fall 2012

Quiz Sample Question Answers

 

Use the following list to answer Question 1.

 

1

Occipital

5

Crural

2

Peroneal

6

Vertebral

3

Scapular

7

Lumbar

4

Abdominal

8

Inguinal

 

1. The body is sectioned by a midsagittal plane. Which of the regions listed above are not divided by this plane?

 

a. 1, 2, & 5

b. 2, 3, 5 & 7

c. 2, 5, & 8

d. 3, 4, 5 & 8

e. 2 & 5

 

2. In regards to the terms used to describe the regional anatomy of the body, which of the following is NOT TRUE?

 

a. The calcaneal region is inferior to the popliteal region

b. The lumbar region is lateral to the vertebral region

c. The axillary region is medial to the thoracic region

d. The acromial region is lateral to the cervical region

e. The patellar region is superior to the cural region

 

3. In regards to homeostasis, which of the following is TRUE?

 

a. Following a drop in body temperature, shivering may cause body temperature to rise. This is an example of positive feedback.

b. Negative feedback systems increase body variables that have dropped below normal ranges of function

c. Receptors send efferent information to central processors

d. Negative feedback inhibition is the least common form of homeostatic regulation

e. A, B & C

 

4. In regards to cytoplasmic organelles, which of the following is TRUE?

a. Protein are modified in the golgi apparatus

b. Lipids are synthesized in the rough ER

c. Mitochondria are connected to the nucleus via nuclear pores

d. Vessicles are released from the cis face of the golgi apparatus

e. A & D

 

5. In regards to membrane function and transport, which of the following is NOT TRUE?

 

a. Phospholipid bilayers prevent the movement of lipids through membranes

b. Integral proteins may acts as transport molecules

c. Clathrin in located in coated pits on the cell surface

d. Phagocytosis moves insoluble materials into the cell

e. A & D


Use the following list to answer Question 6 7.

 

1

Following G0

5

Following the first meiotic division

2

Following G1

6

Following the second meiotic division

3

Following G2

7

Following mitosis

4

Following S-phase

 

 

6. When do cells have twice as much DNA as the parent cell?

 

a. 1, 3 & 4

b. 3, 4 & 5

c. 3 & 4

d. 4 & 5

e. 4, 5 & 6

 

7. When do cells have the same chromosomal makeup as the parent cell?

 

a. 1, 2 & 3

b. 1, 2 & 5

c. 1, 2, 3 & 7

d. 1, 2 & 7

e. 1, 2, 5 & 7

 

Use the following list to answer Question 8.

 

1

Prophase of mitosis

5

Prophase 1 of meiosis

2

Metaphase of mitosis

6

Prophase 2 of meiosis

3

Anaphase of mitosis

7

Anaphase 1 of meiosis

4

Telophase of mitosis

8

Anaphase 2 of meiosis

 

8. Of the phases of cell division listed above, during which are sister chromatids present?

 

a. 1, 2, 5 & 6

b. 1, 2, 3, 5 & 6

c. 1, 2, 3 & 4

d. 1, 2, 6 & 7

e. 1, 2 & 6

 

9. In regards to meiosis, which of the following is TRUE?

 

a. Homologous chromosomes are present during the second meiotic division

b. Daughter cells produced during the first meiotic division have the same number amount of DNA as the parent cell has following S-phase

c. Chiasmata form between sister chromosomes during Prophase 1

d. Following Telophase 1, daughter cells have diploid amount of DNA but

haploid chromosome number

e. C & D

 

10. A poorly differentiated growth of genetically abnormal cells derived from connective tissue is known as which of the following?

 

a. Malignant carcinoma

b. Malignant sarcoma

c. Benign carcinoma

d. Benign sarcoma

e. Hypertrophic tumor

 

11. Which of the following terms describes a disorder that results from an abnormal change in cell number?

 

a. Neoplasia

b. Dystrophy

c. Hyperplasia

d. Metastasis

e. Neoplastic transformation

 

12. Which of the following parts of the cytoskeleton are made up of actin?

 

a. Microfilaments

b. Intermediate fibers

c. Microtubules

d. A & C

e. B & C

 

13. In regards to body cavities and membranes, which of the following is TRUE?

 

a. The mediastinum is located in the ventral cavity

b. The pelvic cavity is superior to the vertebral cavity

c. The parietal layer of the serosa membrane is in contact with the organ which it surrounds

d. The diaphragm is inferior to the abdominal cavity

e. A & D